[7] Manufacture of both the prototypes and subsequent production aircraft was often hindered by an explicit requirement that there would be no reliance upon foreign suppliers to maintain France's nuclear capabilities; due to this, the Mirage IV initially lacked an inertial navigation system as French industry could not yet produce this device. [15] A series of 62 aircraft was built, and they entered service between 1964 and 1968. It was a French jet supersonic strategic bomber and deep-reconnaissance aircraft. Australian Air Marshall Frederick Scherger seriously considered purchase of the IVA in 1961 because it was considered to be proven hardware already in service (in contrast to the BAC TSR-2 which was still in development), before settling on the General Dynamics F-111C. It also had an autopilot, much appreciated on long flights. ", "Tangible Mirages: The Most Successful Family of European Aeroplanes. [48] The inability for the Mirage IV to return after missions had been a point of controversy during the aircraft's early development. The wing pylons could also carry a heavy load of conventional bombs, but this armament was seldom used. These machines are very spectacular when seen from outside, but so is the feeling inside the aircraft. [53] Various test launches of dummy and later live ASMPs were performed using the Mirage IV as the launch platform between 1981 and 1983. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. [31] Other avionics elements were provided by Dassault itself and SFENA; one of the only major subsystems not of French origin onboard was the Marconi-built AD.2300 doppler radar. How effective was its armament? [38][55], In August 1985, a French proposal that would have seen Mirage IVPs stationed at air bases inside neighbouring West Germany was made public; this deployment would have marked a significant philosophical departure from traditional French nuclear defence policy. [57] EB 2/91 was disbanded and EB 1/91 was redesignated Escadron de Reconnaissance Stratégique (Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron),[citation needed] using five remaining Mirage IVPs based at Mont-de-Marsan; the remaining aircraft were stored at Chateaudun. [49], Initially, the basic attack flight profile was "high-high-high" at a speed of Mach 1.85, engaging targets up to a maximum radius of 3,500 km (2,175 mi). The Dassault Mirage IV-page contains all related products, articles, books, walkarounds and plastic scale modeling projects dedicated to this aircraft. On 31 July 1996, the Mirage IVP was formally retired in its bomber capacity, the nuclear mission having been transferred from the Mirage IV to the newer Dassault Mirage 2000N. [29] A bombing/navigation radar is housed within an oblique-facing radome underneath the fuselage between the intakes and aft of the cockpit; much of the Mirage IV's onboard avionics systems, such as the radar communications, navigational instrumentation, and bombing equipment, were produced by Thomson-CSF. The study of the performance curves gave precisely the speed at which the pilot had to activate the firing of the rockets on the runway so that the airplane reached sufficient speed in flight for the engines to continue the acceleration. Fast & Free shipping on many items! Pavla, 1/72 scale . Original aircraft model, … Dassault Mirage IV Features The Mirage IV is similar in design layout to the Mirage fighters, featuring a tailless delta wing and a single square-topped vertical fin. Time flies very quickly during this kind of event, actions are performed almost as reflex gestures. In terms of pure piloting, in the classic phases: take off, final approach and landing, ascent and descent, navigating at high and low altitude, this plane was particularly pleasant. The Mirage IV was of a basic delta-wing design with a single rudder at rear. [27][29], BAC and Dassault had also hoped to sell the Mirage IV* to France and to export the Mirage IV* to various nations, such as India, possibly Israel, and others; the lack of a British sale put an end to such possibilities. The first long distance mission, with two refuellings and more than 7 hours of flight. The Mirage F1 was of similar size to the delta-winged Mirage III and Mirage 5, and was powered by the same SNECMA Atar engine as had been used on the larger Dassault Mirage IV; however, unlike its predecessors, it shared the layout of a swept wing mounted high on the fuselage and a conventional tail surface as used by the F2. A justification of the Mirage IV given by Armée de l'air Brigadier General Pierre Marie Gallois, an architect of the French nuclear deterrent, was that: "France is not a prize worthy of ten Russian cities". In May 1956, the Guy Mollet government drew up a specification for an aerially-refuelable supersonic bomber capable of carrying a 3-metric-ton, 5.2-metre-long nuclear bomb 2,000 km (without aerial refuelling). This contributed to the pride of all the members of the FAS who participated in the adventure.”. A deep centerline pylon was added, which could accommodate either a single ASMP missile or a CT52 reconnaissance pod. [13] The three prototype aircraft were built between 1961 and 1963, with first flights on 12 October 1961, 1 June 1962, and 23 January 1963. Cookie Policy Please note that we use cookies to improve your shopping experience. Building Heller's 1/48 Mirage IVP By Jeff Smith. Would have been something to see one fly. [13] Free-falling munitions could also be aimed using a ventral blister-mounted periscope from the navigator's position. In 1963, the Australian government sought a replacement for the Royal Australian Air Force fleet of English Electric Canberra bombers, largely in response to the Indonesian Air Force's purchase of missile-armed Tupolev Tu-16 bombers. [52] In 1975, all Mirage IVs were progressively painted in a new green/grey camouflage scheme. Mirage IV - Modernization. After the acceptance of the Mirage IV 01 prototype, Dassault presented three proposals for the future supersonic bomber, designated as Mirage IV-A, IV-B and IV-C, with different dimensions and powerplants.Proposals B and C were rejected because they were too expensive, so the IV … [35], The two-man crew, pilot and navigator, were seated in tandem cockpits, each housed under separate clamshell canopies. [47], To improve survivability, the French Air Force began dispersing Mirage IVs to pre-prepared rough strips during the 1960s; while the use of hardened bunkers had been assessed, it was found to be financially impractical. The aircraft's aerodynamic features were very similar to the III's but required an entirely new structure and layout. [citation needed] On 19 September 1960, René Bigand (replacing Glavany as test pilot) increased the world record for speed on a 1000-kilometre closed circuit to 1,822 km/h (1,132 mph) around Paris and the Melun base. Gunston, Bill. [8] However, development of the aircraft was ultimately cancelled in July 1959 due to the greater cost involved, a decision having been taken to rely upon aerial refueling instead also being a factor. Climb rateE. ", Mirage IV information and photos by Yves Fauconnier, Mirage IV data from former Forces Aériennes Stratégiques website, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dassault_Mirage_IV&oldid=980652259, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles with unsourced statements from June 2007, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2015, Aircraft specs templates using afterburner without dry parameter, Military articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 16× 454 kg (1,000 lb) free-fall conventional bombs. In December 1963 Dassault proposed a Mirage IV-106 variant with 2 Snecma TF106 (license-built Pratt and Whitney) engines, an enlarged 105,000 gross-weight fuselage, terrain-avoidance radar, and armed with a proposed French version of the American Douglas GAM-87 Skybolt air-launched ballistic missile. Buy Mirage IV A (4 schemes) and other aircraft modeling products from Berna Decals in 1/48 scale. [13] A refueling probe is built into the nose; aerial refuelling was often necessary in operations as the Mirage IV only had the fuel capacity, even with external drop tanks, to reach the Soviet Union's borders, thus refuelling was required to allow for a 'round trip'. For many years it was a vital part of the nuclear triad of the Force de Frappe, France's nuclear deterrent striking force. The importance of the FAS mission prevailed over all other considerations. ( Log Out /  [12][34], From 1972 onward, 12 aircraft were also equipped to carry the CT52 reconnaissance pod in the bomb recess. [6][9] Flight 138, on 23 September, corroborated the initial performance and pushed the record on a 500 km closed circuit to an average of 1,972 km/h (1,225 mph), flying between Mach 2.08 and Mach 2.14. I’d love to know what the French equivalent of “tin triangle” is. In late 1958, the aircraft was transferred to the Melun-Villaroche flight testing area for finishing touches and ground tests. Within the first decade of the type entering service, in excess of 200,000 hours were flown and 40,000 aerial refuelling operations were performed by the Mirage IV fleet alone; at one point, Mirage IV operations were consuming up to 44 per cent of the French Air Force's total spare parts budget. There, the pilot had only himself to rely on in often difficult flight conditions, at low altitude, day or night and, ideally, in bad weather.One cannot imagine, by comparing the silhouettes of the two planes, how utterly different they were. [27] BAC claimed that the British government evaluation into the Mirage IV* was "relatively superficial". [27] RAF pilots who test-flew the Mirage IV were "favourably impressed" with its low altitude performance. These wings were each divided into three bomber squadrons, each equipped with a total of four Mirage IVs, with each deployed at a different base to minimise the potential for an enemy strike to knock out the entire bomber force. [50][51], In 1973, it was reported that a force of 40 Mirage IVs would continue to perform as a part of France's nuclear deterrent until the 1980s, and that steady improvements were to be undertaken. [59], The Mirage IV had been popular with its crews, who found it enjoyable to fly. [23] While the IV* was claimed to meet most of the Royal Air Force (RAF)'s requirements, and to be £1 million cheaper than the American-made F-111K was preferred (only to be cancelled in turn) and the Spey-engined Mirage abandoned. The Dassault Mirage 5 is a supersonic attack aircraft designed in France by Dassault Aviation during the 1960s and manufactured in France and a number of other countries. This relatively thinner wing was permitted by the aircraft's greater size and was better suited … Note: French Air Force Mirage 4P waiting for take-off approval on the apron at Kleine Brogel, during the photo-call day (2005) and its last time visit to Belgium (prior to retirement). [56] Aviation authors Bill Gunston and Peter Gilchrist allege that French officials had historically discounted the option of recovering Mirage IVs in friendly territory as unduly optimistic, as those nations might become unfriendly or hostile in the aftermath of a French nuclear attack.[3]. The retirement of all reconnaissance-configured Mirage IVPs in 2005 meant that the French Air Force's Mirage F1CRs were for some time the only aircraft capable of carrying out aerial reconnaissance missions. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The IVA I knew had only analogue equipment, needle dials.One regret, especially for a pilot used to the Mirage IIIE: the means of monitoring and controlling navigation were limited. When I was on Mirage IVAs, the missions were highly standardised, there was no question of going beyond the defined framework. AccelerationD. [6] This aircraft had a wing area of 77.9 square metres (839 sq ft) and weighed about 32,000 kilograms (70,000 lb)[12] On 4 April 1960, a formal order for 50 production Mirage IVA aircraft was issued. We were on permanent alert and ready for immediate engagement.”. Sadly the only one I have ever seen is in the museum at Le Bourget. Resin Cockpit Sets Mirage IV, Mig-21, Fiat G.91. ", This page was last edited on 27 September 2020, at 18:11. During the 1950s, France embarked on an extensive military program to produce nuclear weapons; however, it was acknowledged that existing French aircraft were unsuitable for the task of delivering the weapons. [18] The IVA was one of five aircraft types that were short listed for the role, but the F-111C was eventually selected. The equipment was completely traditional with conventional flight control and engine control instruments and the same equipment as on any plane. Overview. "Air Force Tac Recce Aircraft: NATO and Non-aligned Western European Air Force Tactical Reconnaissance Aircraft of the Cold War (1949–1989). Weighing in at 33 and a half tons, capable of rocket-assisted take-offs, with a top speed of Mach 2.2 — and the ability to deliver a nuclear holocaust — few aircraft were as exciting as the Mirage IV strategic bomber. The outer pylons typically carried ECM and chaff/flare dispenser pods to supplement the internal jamming and countermeasures systems. At Luxeuil Air Base, located at almost 1,000 feet above sea level, and in summer, the aircraft was at the limit of the performance curves at lift-off. Hi guys, this is my Mirage IV A, from Heller. I hope my answers will give you an insider’s insight into the secretive world of “Chasse B …” and thanks for your interest.”. First flying in October 1964, the Mirage IV … It took 18 months to build the 01 in Dassault's Saint-Cloud plant near Paris. During a low altitude bombing training mission on a seaside range, an engine failure on departure from Solenzara forced me to give the order to abandon the plane while we were at very low altitude over the sea and flying at 600 knots. What is the biggest myth about the Mirage IV? The Mirage IV can carry 12 solid-fuel rockets diagonally down below the wing flaps, for rocket-assisted take off (RATO). What were your first impressions of the Mirage IV? On 12 October 1982, the first modernised Mirage IVP performed its first flight; it re-entered active service on 1 May 1986. Change ). [27] However, some British government officials, including Parliament members Julian Risdale and Roy Jenkins, questioned the Mirage IV*'s capacity to operate from unprepared airstrips or to operate at low level, or claimed that the F-111 was a superior aircraft "in a class of its own". The night flight refuelling in a dense mass of storm clouds with heavy turbulence. The archetype of the Mirage IV performed its first theft on June 17th, 1959, as for the first aircraft … Lacking any operational objective in these cases, they were nevertheless very spectacular crowd-pleasers.”, “Having never, during the Cold War, carried out a real operational mission, none of the training missions deserve any special classification. These aircraft were designated Mirage IVR for reconnaissance. [18] Dassault proposed a version of the Mirage IVA with Rolls-Royce Avon engines. The Mirage IV shares design features and a visual resemblance to the Mirage III fighter, featuring a tailless delta wing and a single square-topped vertical fin. It was derived from Dassault's popular Mirage III fighter and spawned several variants of its own, including the IAI Kfir.The aircraft … [2] Mirage IVAs also often operated in pairs, with one aircraft carrying a weapon and the other carrying fuel tanks and a buddy refueling pack, allowing it to refuel its partner en route to the target. For very low altitude missions, speed was considered to be sufficient protection, since there was nothing else. [14] While the first Mirage IV prototype was fitted with double-eyelid engine nozzles, production aircraft featured a complicated variable geometry nozzle that automatically varied in response to the descent rate and airspeed. [22] Although designed by Dassault, the production was to be carried out jointly between Dassault and its subcontractors (wing, mid-fuselage, and tail) and BAC (front and rear fuselage). This prototype was 20 metres (67 ft) long, had a 11 metres (37 ft) wingspan, 62 square metres (670 sq ft) of wing area, and weighed approximately 25,000 kilograms (55,000 lb). The early Mirage IVA had a fuselage recess under the engines which could hold a single AN-11 or AN-22 nuclear weapon of 60 kt yield. Takeoff at night in snow knowing that we would not be able to return to the fold. These 36 active aircraft would be rotated with 26 reserve aircraft; the latter were kept in an airworthy condition or were otherwise subject to maintenance activities. Bombers of the West. For very low altitude missions, speed was considered to be sufficient protection, since there was nothing else!“, “For the pilot, the cabin was quite spacious compared to the Mirage III and also comfortable. The Mirage IV shares design features and a visual resemblance to the Mirage III fighter, featuring a tailless delta wingand a single square-topped vertical fin. What did you feel about the prospect of facing enemy SAMs and interceptors in the Mirage? For many years it was a vital part of the nuclear triad of the Force de Frappe, France's nuclear deterrent striking force. The Mirage IV is powered by two SNECMA Atar turbojets, fed by two air intakes on either side of the fuselage that had intake half-cone shock diffusers, known as souris ("mice"), which were moved … Developed by Dassault Aviation, the aircraft entered service with the French Air Force in October 1964. New York: Charles Scribner's and Sons; 1973. 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